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BMD (Bone Mineral Density - Total Body)

BMD (Bone Mineral Density - Total Body) (In )

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BMD (Bone Mineral Density - Total Body) price in ₹2,950.00/-

Information for Healthcare Professionals:


Intended Use

A BMD/DEXA scan is a high-precision type of X-ray that measures your bone mineral density and bone loss.Bone density testing is strongly recommended if you:1. Are a post-menopausal woman and not taking estrogen.2. Have a personal or maternal history of hip fracture or smoking.3. Are a post-menopausal woman who is tall (over 5 feet 7 inches) or thin (less than 125 pounds).4. Are a man with clinical conditions associated with bone loss, such as rheumatoid arthritis, chronic kidney or liver disease.5. Use medications that are known to cause bone loss, including corticosteroids such as Prednisone, various anti-seizure medications such as Dilantin and certain barbiturates, or high-dose thyroid replacement drugs.6. Have type 1 (formerly called juvenile or insulin-dependent) diabetes, liver disease, kidney disease or a family history of osteoporosis.7. Have high bone turnover, which shows up in the form of excessive collagen in urine samples.8. Have a thyroid condition, such as hyperthyroidism.9. Have a parathyroid condition, such as hyperparathyroidism.10. Have experienced a fracture after only mild trauma.11. Have had x-ray evidence of vertebral fracture or other signs of osteoporosis.

Clinical Significance

A DEXA scan is used to determine your risk of osteoporosis and bone fracture. It may also be used to monitor whether your osteoporosis treatment is working. Usually the scan will target your lower spine and hips.Standard X-Ray diagnostics used before the development of the DEXA technology were only able to detect bone loss that was greater than 40 percent. DEXA can measure within 2 percent to 4 percent precision.


Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry

Reference Range


DEXA scores are reported as "T-scores" and "Z-scores."The T-score is a comparison of a persons bone density with that of a healthy 30-year-old of the same sex.The Z-score is a comparison of a persons bone density with that of an average person of the same age and sex.Lower scores (more negative) mean lower bone density:A T-score of -2.5 or lower qualifies as osteoporosis.A T-score of -1.0 to -2.5 signifies osteopenia, meaning below-normal bone density without full osteoporosis.Multiplying the T-score by 10% gives a rough estimate of how much bone density has been lost.Z-scores are not used to formally diagnose osteoporosis. Low Z-scores can sometimes be a clue to look for a cause of osteoporosis.

Specimen and Specimen Volume

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Specimen Stability (Ambient)

Specimen Stability (2-8°C)

Specimen Stability (-20°C)

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