Suburban blog

Decoding Diabetes – Part 2

  • diabetes

Who should be screened & tested for diabetes?

For individuals of any age who are overweight or obese, the American Diabetes Association recommends screening for those who have one or more of the following additional risk factors:

  • A family history of diabetes (mother, father, sibling or child with diabetes)
  • A low HDL cholesterol and high triglycerides
  • High blood pressure
  • A history of gestational diabetes or giving birth to a baby weighing more than nine pounds
  • Are a member of a higher-risk minority group (African Americans, American Indians, Alaska Natives, Hispanic Americans/Latinos and Asian American/ Pacific Islanders are at increased risk for type 2 diabetes.)
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Test results showing impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose

If you are pregnant, you should be tested for gestational diabetes during the 24th to 28th weeks of pregnancy.


The goals of diabetes testing are to screen for high blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia), to detect and diagnose diabetes and prediabetes, to monitor and control glucose levels over time, and to detect and monitor complications.

To reduce your risk, follow the “ABC” approach recommended by the National Diabetes Education Program, National Institute of Health and the American Diabetes Association.

ABC's of diabetes

The ABCs are easy to remember:

A stands for the A1C, or hemoglobin A1C test, which measures average blood glucose over the previous two to three months.

B is for blood pressure.

C is for cholesterol

Diabetes tests available & recommended

Tests for Diabetes

  • Blood Sugar Fasting
  • Blood Sugar PP (Post Meal)
  • HbA1c – Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is a measure of glycated hemoglobin that estimates the mean blood glucose concentration over the past 3 months. It is typically used to evaluate long-term glycemic control.

Tests for Heart

  • Lipid Profile: To monitor cholesterol and other lipids

Tests for Kidney

Creatinine & Microalbumin: To monitor kidney function

* Microalbuminuria :This is indicative of early diabetic nephropathy (kidney disease) and is defined as albumin excretion between 30–300 mg/day

(or urine albumin-to-creatinine values of 30-300mg/g).


Women who are diagnosed with gestational diabetes should be tested at 6-12 weeks after they have delivered their baby to screen for persistent diabetes. This can be done with one of the following:

  • ANC profile ( Investigation during pregnancy )
  • Follow up tests post delivery ,
  • Blood sugar fasting
  • A 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)
  • An Hb A1c test

Follow your Diabetes Control with Suburban Diagnostics “ANNUAL DIABETIC PLAN”

Tests for Diabetes

BSF (Blood sugar Fasting)       –  Every 2 Months

BSPP(Blood sugar post meal) –  Every 2 Months

HbA1c                                          – Every 4 Months

Tests for Heart

Lipid Profile            –  Every 6 Months

Tests for Kidney

Creatinine              –  Every 6 Months

Microalbumin      –  Annually