Chronic respiratory diseases were responsible for 10.9% of the total deaths in India in 2016
India has 18% of the world's population but 32% of the global burden of respiratory diseases. Respiratory disease burden in India is second only to that of ischaemic heart disease, found a state-level analysis of the Global Burden of Disease data. Chronic respiratory diseases were responsible for 10.9% of the total deaths and 6.4% of the total DALYs (a globally recognised disease burden estimate calculated on the basis of the number of productive life years cut short by disease) in India in 2016. The corresponding figures for 1990 were 9.6% and 4.5%, respectively.
Pollution was the biggest contributor to the respiratory disease burden. About 33.6% of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) (DALYs) could be attributed to ambient air pollution, 25.8% to household air pollution and 21% to smoking. The National Health Policy of India 2017 recommends that premature mortality from non-communicable diseases, including chronic respiratory diseases, should be reduced by 25% by 2025.
At Suburban Diagnostics, we urge each one of you, to ensure the health of your lungs and of your respiratory system. The best way to ensure that you remain healthy is to get regular and periodic health check-ups done.
This article has been adapted from The Indian Express and is available at https://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-respiratory-diseases-global-burden-of-disease-study-5353493/