BMD Test #FractureFreeCity

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More About BMD Test

A Bone mineral density (BMD) test uses X-rays to measure how much of calcium and other bone minerals are packed into a segment of bone. The bones that are most commonly tested are in the spine, hip and forearm. The higher your bone mineral content, the denser your bones are. And the denser your bones, the stronger they generally are and the less likely they are to break.

How to prepare for the test?

  • Avoid calcium supplements and multivitamins 24-48hours prior to the test
  • Avoid wearing clothes with metal buttons or buckles. You may also be required to remove any jewellery which interferes with the test.
  • How BMD test results are estimated?

    • T Score: The patient’s bone mineral density as compared to the peak bone mass in normal young adult.
      A score of 0 means BMD = norm of a healthy young adult
      The diagnosis of osteoporosis or low bone mass is based on T-score
    • Z-Score: The patient’s bone mineral density as compared to the peak bone mass in age-sex matched adult.
      Z – score is useful for determining whether an underlying disease or condition is causing bone loss.

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