There are many risk factors for developing diabetes. The more risk factors you have, the more likely you will develop diabetes.
Genetic factors that can lead to diabetes include a family history of diabetes, and certain ethnic backgrounds, which are not under our control.
Risk factors for diabetes which you can control include being overweight, a sedentary lifestyle, high blood pressure, high triglycerides, low HDL cholesterol, and having a high fasting blood sugar.
It is due to the above factors that India is poised to become the Diabetes Capital of the world.
“Eventually most diabetics will suffer long-term complications of diabetes unless adequately monitored”.
Complications from Unmonitored Diabetes are:-
Large Blood Vessels
Small Blood Vessels
Diabetes affects you from Head to Toe
There are simple and effective Diabetes Management Programmes available for monitoring diabetes through certain blood and urine parameters.
Routine Investigations are:-
Annual Diabetic Plan
What is Glycosylated Hemoglobin (HbA1c) ?
Glycosylated hemoglobin is a reaction product of hemoglobin and glucose that is formed and accumulated in the living red blood cells during its entire 120 days life span.
Importance of HbA1c:- Glycosylated hemoglobin levels reflect a time averaged blood glucose concentrations over the previous 3-4 months. Therefore, HbA1c has acquired an importance role in monitoring the long-term blood glucose control of diabetics. The HbA1c values are not subject to daily variations and therefore useful in patients with greatly fluctuating glucose values.
Sample Prerequisite: Fasting not required, Random Sample
What is Microalbuminuria (MAU)
Although not detected by routine urine test, diabetic patients may be passing albumin in urine for months or years, before it reaches a level that can be detected by conventional methods.
Importance of Microalbuminuria:- Detecting MAU at an early stage means saving the kidneys from irreversible damage, which can be caused due to uncontrolled diabetes. MAU is the first warning signal to an impending “Nephropathy” (kidney damage) if attention is not paid to keep diabetes under control.
Sample Prerequisite: – First morning urine sample before exercise & walk.