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Causes of Infertility in Men & Women

  • Causes-Of-Infertility

Infertility affects men and women equally.

Infertility is a disorder of the reproductive system defined by the failure to achieve a clinical pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse.

Top Reasons for Infertility include:

  • Poor sperm count 41%
  • Polycystic Ovarian Disorder (PCOD) 40%

Nearly 30 million couples in India suffer from infertility.

 Listed below are the top Causes of Infertility in Men 

  • A history of having mumps
  • Testicular injury
  • Exposure to chemicals or toxins
  • Acute illness or prolonged fever
  • Exposure of the testicles to excessive heat
  • Drugs (marijuana, opiods, cimetidine, corticosteroids, methotrexate, antineoplastic drugs) or alcohol use
  • Use of anabolic steroids
  • Undescended testis
  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Klinefelter Syndrome

 Listed below are the top Causes of Infertility in Women

  • Blocked fallopian tubes due to sexually transmitted diseases
  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), which can interfere with ova release
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Endometriosis
  • Autoimmune disorders, which produce antibodies against fetal tissue
  • Diabetes
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Fluctuating or diminished hormone levels
  • Eating disorders
  • Obesity – increased Body Mass Index (BMI) has been associated with infertility and morbidity during pregnancy
  • Gluten intolerance (celiac disease)

 Other leading factors of Infertility common for both men and women

Stress, multiple partners, toxicity in food, drug use, excessive alcohol drinking, smoking and delayed marriages.

Couples should undergo fertility testing together as 30% of the times males are the sole cause of fertility problems.

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