BREAST CANCER :
Breast Cancer is the most common cancer among women in India and accounts for 27% of all cancers in women. In urban areas, 1 in 22 women develop breast cancer during her lifetime. 1.45 lakhs of fresh cases diagnosed every year in india
What is Breast Cancer?
Breast cancer starts when cells in the breast begin to grow out of control. These cells usually form a tumor that can often be seen on an X-ray or felt as a lump. The tumor is malignant (cancerous) if the cells can grow into (invade) surrounding tissues or spread (metastasize) to distant areas of the body. Breast cancer occurs almost entirely in women, but men can get it, too.
It’s also important to understand that most breast lumps are not cancerous, they are benign. Benign breast tumors are abnormal growths, but they do not spread outside of the breast and they are not life threatening.
Any breast lump or change needs to be checked by a health care provider to determine whether it is benign or cancer, and whether it might impact your future cancer risk.
Symptoms of Breast Cancer :
Other Symptoms include :
• Breast Pain
• Nipple discharge other than breast milk
• Lump in underarm area
Risk Factors for Breast Cancer :
Cannot be controlled
Can be controlled
Stress & Anxiety
Medication like DES
Late / No Pregnancy
Hormone Replacement Theropy
Diagnosis of Breast Cancer :
Mammography • CA 15.3 • BRCA 1 & 2 :-
Radiologists today rely on mammography that helps diagnose breast cancer at an early stage before they can be felt by the patient.
Breast Self Exam (BSE)
Breast Self-Exam Part 1: TOUCH
• Lie down and place a pillow under your right shoulder. Put your right hand under your head and check the entire breast area with the finger pad of your left hand.
• Use small circles and follow an upand-down pattern. Use light, medium and firm pressure over each area of the breast. Feel the breast with the surface of the second, third and fourth finger, moving systematically and using, circular motions from the outer margin to the nipple.
• When you reach the nipple, remove the pillow and remove your hand from forehead and place the arm at right angle. Check the nipple area using the same circular pressure in an up-and-down pattern as before.
Repeat these steps for left breast using your right hand.
Breast Self-Exam Part 2: LOOK
Stand before mirror and see for changes in shape, skin, nipples and vein pattern. Inspect your breast in the following four steps:
- With your arms at your sides
- With your arms overhead
- With your hands on hips
- Bend forward
CERVICAL CANCER :
- Cervical cancer is the 2nd most common female cancer in women aged 15 to 65 years.
- About 122,844 new cervical cancer cases are diagnosed annually.
- 5% of women in general population harbor HPV-16/18 infection.
What is cervical cancer?
Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix — the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina.
Risk Factors for Cervical Cancer :
1. Multiple Sexual Partners
2. Having more number of Children
3. Early Marriage
5. Family History/ Hereditary
6. Oral Contraceptive Pills
7. Unprotected Sex
8. Early Child Birth
Symptoms of Cervical Cancer :
Early-stage cervical cancer generally produces no signs or symptoms.
Signs and symptoms of more-advanced cervical cancer include:
- Vaginal bleeding after intercourse, between periods or after menopause
- Watery, bloody vaginal discharge that may be heavy and have a foul odor
- Pelvic pain or pain during intercourse
Diagnosis of Cervical Cancer :
Why PAP SMEAR+HPV together is the preferred screening method for women ages 30 to 65*
- 18.6% cancers missed by HPV-Alone
- 12.2% cancers missed by PAP (LBC)-Alone
- 5.5% cancers missed by PAP (LBC)+HPV together
*survey done by largest volume based test laboratory in US.
Leading Health Organisations ACOG, ACS, ASCP & ASCCP* recommend that PAP (LBC)+ HPV together (co-testing) is the preferred approach for cervical cancer screening
*ACOG (American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists), ACS (American Cancer Society), ASCP (American Society of Clinical Pathology), ASCCP (American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology)
Who should be tested :
- PAP (LBC) ALONE: AGES 21-29
- PAP (LBC)+HPV TOGETHER: AGES 30-65
OVARIAN CANCER :
Ovary is the third leading site of cancer among women, trailing behind cervix and breast cancer. The age-adjusted incidence rates of ovarian cancer vary between 5 to 8 per 100,000 population in different parts of the country.
It is one of the most fatal gynaecological cancers because it remains silent for a long time as the symptoms of ovarian cancer are insidious and non-specific.
Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer :
- Pelvic or abdominal pain
- Trouble eating or feeling full quicky
- Feeling the need to urinate urgently or often
Diagnosis of Ovarian Cancer :
CA-125 • HE4 • Ultrasound
• Mammography, CA-15.3 & BRCA 1 & 2 for Breast Cancer
• PAP (LBC)+ HPV for Cervical Cancer
• CA-125, HE4 & Ultrasound for Ovarian Cancer
Book Appointment to get yourself tested at Suburban Diagnostics.