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A Guide To Accredited by RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

2 What is Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid arthritis is a type of autoimmune disease that causes joint inflammation leading to redness, warmth, swelling, and pain in the joint. RA develops when the body fails to differentiate the body’s own tissues from foreign pathogens. This causes immune cells to migrate from the blood into the joints and synovium, the joint-lining tissue. There, they produce inflammatory substances that cause irritation, wearing down of cartilage (the cushioning between joint articulations), swelling, and inflammation of
the joint-lining. This results in build-up of fluid in the joint that can lead to bone damage.

Unlike other forms of arthritis;
• A distinguishing characteristic of RA is symmetric inflammation, for instance, inflammation in both hands and both knees.
• On the other hand, osteoarthritis, another common form of arthritis, occurs as a result of physical strain on joint tissues. Consequently, it occurs more prominently on the side of the body incurring the most strain.

 

How to manage RA?

These self-care measures, when used along with your rheumatoid arthritis medications, can help you manage

your signs and symptoms:

• Take control. With your doctor, make a plan for managing your arthritis. This will help you feel in charge of your disease.
• Exercise regularly. Gentle exercise can help strengthen the muscles around your joints, and it can
help fight fatigue you might feel. Check with your doctor before you start exercising. If you’re just getting started, begin by taking a walk. Try swimming or gentle water aerobics. Avoid exercising tender, injured or severely inflamed joints.
• Apply heat or cold. Heat can help ease your pain and relax tense, painful muscles. Cold may dull the
sensation of pain. Cold also has a numbing effect and decreases muscle spasms.
• Relax. Find ways to cope with pain by reducing stress in your life. Techniques such as guided imagery,
distraction and muscle relaxation can all be used to control pain.

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It’s about focusing on the fight and not the fright!!

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What is Ovarian Cancer?

Ovary is the third leading site of cancer among women, trailing behind cervix and breast cancer. The age-adjusted incidence rates of ovarian cancer vary between 5 to 8 per 100,000 population in different parts of the country.

Ovarian cancer is a cancer affecting the ovaries; organs responsible for secretion of female hormones and ovulation in women, and situated in the pelvis.

It is one of the most fatal gynaecological cancers because it remains silent for a long time as the symptoms of ovarian cancer are insidious and non-specific.

 

What is Breast Cancer?

Breast cancer starts when cells in the breast begin to grow out of control. These cells usually form a tumor that can often be seen on an X-ray or felt as a lump. The tumor is malignant (cancerous) if the cells can grow into (invade) surrounding tissues or spread (metastasize) to distant areas of the body. Breast cancer occurs almost entirely in women, but men can get it, too.

It’s also important to understand that most breast lumps are not cancerous, they are benign. Benign breast tumors are abnormal growths, but they do not spread outside of the breast and they are not life threatening.

Any breast lump or change needs to be checked by a health care provider to determine whether it is benign or cancer, and whether it might impact your future cancer risk.

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ZIKA VIRUS HIGH ALERT, BE AWARE AND ACT WITH CARE

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  • World Health Organization has raised concerns over the safety of all players and visitors expected to be in Brazil for the Olympics.

  • Estimated 1 million individuals have been infected by Zika virus, transmitted by mosquitoes Aedes aegypti.
  • This Virus has also spread to other western countries and pacific region.
  • Only ~20% infected individuals become symptomatic (fever with maculopapular rash, muscle/joint pain, painful red eyes and headache) lasting for several days to a week.
  • Pregnant women have the worst consequences: as children born to infected mothers are known to suffer from severe brain defects (microcephaly – small sized heads) and other neurological problems.
  • The Centre of Disease Control has also advised men to refrain sexual activities for at least 6 months after returning from countries with high prevalence of Zika virus infection.

Suburban Diagnostics introduces Zika Virus RT_PCR test which help you to be prepared against this grim mosquito terror. Call our Healthline to know more about the test.

Most Wanted For a Healthy Living

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  • Vitamin D, also known as the sunshine vitamin, can be produced in the body with mild sun exposure or consumed in food or supplements. It is estimated that around 80% of the indian population has Vitamin D levels less than normal.

  • Vitamin D has multiple roles in the body, helping to:
    • Maintain the health of bones and teeth.
    • Support lung function and cardiovascular health.
  • Vitamin D should be tested by individuals less exposed to sunlight, bed ridden patients, those working indoors, older patients with bone and joint pains and patients on Vitamin D supplements for monitoring of therapy.
  • The two most important forms of vitamin D are Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) and Vitamin D2 (Ergocalciferol). While the human body produces Vitamin D3, Vitamin D2 is available in supplements and fortified foods.

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  • Common Manifestations of Vitamin D deficiency includes rickets in children, muscle weakness, lethargy and mineral bone density in adults.
  • Suburban Diagnostics advises you to take the right step towards life, call our healthline now to book appointment for Alkaline Phosphatase, Serum Calcium, Vitamin D package, PTH and BMD.

Breast Cancer : The Indian Scenario

  • Breast Cancer is the most Common cancer among women in India and accounts for 27% of all cancer in women.
  • In urban areas, 1 in 22 women develops breast cancer during her lifetime.
  • 1.45 lakhs of fresh cases diagnosed every year in India.

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Mammography

  • The most efficient screening method to detect early breast cancer.
  • A Mammography is an X-ray that produces an image of the inner breast tissue on film, complimented by sono-mammography.
  • The test is conducted by a female technician, under the guidance of a Radiologist.

BRCA 1 & 2

  • Once in lifetime test for detection of hereditary breast & ovarian cancer risk.
  • In depth analysis by NGS and confirmation by Sanger Sequencing (Gold Standard Technique)

Other Tests

  • CA 15.3
  • FNAC

For any technical queries contact Dr. Nidhi Garg on +919663677705

For scheduling any appointments or any general inquires call our health line number.