10-12 hours fasting is essential for Lipid Profile (cholesterol), Blood glucose fasting, Apolipoproteins A1 & B, Insulin, Homocysteine, common growth hormone and all health check up plans. Fasting allows you to only drink water in moderate quantities.
What dietary restrictions should be adhered to before conducting blood sugar or lipid profile test?
Regular diet and medication should be followed for at least three days prior to undergoing the tests and on the same day of the test.
What is the procedure for Blood Sugar post meal or post glucose (BS-PG)?
For blood sugar post meal one should note the time of completion of meal and report to the lab exactly at 2 hours after completion. For post glucose time is noted after drinking the required amount of glucose and then exactly at 2 hours one should report to the lab. For both these tests it is very important that one does not eat or drink anything during the two hours except for water.
How many days does the Blood Culture report take?
A positive blood culture report is ready after 72 hours, whereas an interim telephonic positive report can be given within 24 hours. If the test is negative, then the final report is ready after 5 days.
What precaution has to be taken while collecting Urine sample for routine and culture test?
For a routine urine test, urine sample should be collected in a bottle provided by the lab after cleaning the area well with water. A first morning midstream urine sample should be collected for a culture test ensuring proper cleaning of the area with savlon before collection. Also, the sample should be collected in a sterilized culture container provided by the lab and submitted as early as possible.
Procedure of GTT (Glucose Tolerance Test)?
For a GTT one should be fasting for at least 10 hours. Total 5 blood samples are collected; 1st sample is fasting blood sugar sample. After collection of the 1st sample, 75 grams of glucose mixed with water is given to drink and the time noted. For e.g. if glucose was taken at 9 am the following samples are collected at 9:30 am, 10 am, 10:30 am and the last one at 11 am. One should not eat or drink anything until completion of all the sample collections.
Procedure of 24 hrs urine sample collection?
Collect an appropriate can from the lab. Let the first morning urine sample be discarded. Collect every sample from the second sample onwards until the first sample next morning. Ensure mixing of every sample with the preservative that is added in the can.
Instructions for Ultra Sonography of Abdomen.
4-5 hrs fasting is required prior to examination. (Fasting for solids) Fluid (Water, Juice, Clear soup, Coconut Water, Black Tea and Coffee) is allowed.
Solid foodstuff, Milk, & Milk products (cheese, butter, paneer) are not allowed. (Because it contracts the Gall Bladder)
Instructions for Ultra Sonography of Pelvis.
Not to pass urine for 2 hrs prior to examination. During those 2 hrs drink 5-6 glasses of water.
Patient can take all their medicines, e.g. Tablet for Blood Pressure (BP) and any drugs that are to be taken in the fasting state. Diabetic patients should not take their tablets.
Instructions for Ultra Sonography of Early Pregnancy.
Moderately full bladder. Do not pass urine for at least for 1 hour. During this 1 hr drink 2-3 glasses of water.
For females who are 4-5 months pregnant- Full bladder is not required.
How many days of abstinence is required for semen testing?
Minimum 3 days of abstinence is required.
Pre-requisite for health check-ups?
Prior Appointment is necessary
Overnight fasting essential for 10 -12 hours prior to the health check ups.
Report in empty stomach - only water can be taken.
If you are diabetic, avoid taking your insulin injections / anti diabetic tablets on the morning of the health check up. Please carry your insulin / anti diabetic tablets which you can have before or after breakfast in the centre. You can take other regular medicines with water as instructed by your doctor.